Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in developed countries, ranging from 40 to 65 years. Taking care of yourself is very important to avoid problems with the heart and blood vessels, which in most cases are due to the Atherosclerosis (disease resulting from thickening and narrowing of the arteries due to an accumulation of fat and cholesterol).
Atherosclerosis can lead to heart attacks or strokes. We should celebrate, a date to place special emphasis on the importance of leading a life as healthy as possible.
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In most cases, people with cardiovascular risk have some recognizable habits that must change:
- Food. A diet rich in saturated fats is directly related to the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, especially with coronary heart disease. It is very important to have a varied and balanced diet, including vegetables, fruits, vegetables, fish, cereals and skim milk.
- Sedentarism. There is an inverse relationship between the risk of cardiovascular mortality and the exercise that is done (the lower the exercise the greater the mortality). Habits change, but little by little. 20 years ago 45% of the population did not perform any type of exercise. To prevent heart disease, doctors recommend doing 30 minutes of daily exercise.
- Smoking. It is proven that it increases up to three times the mortality due to cardiovascular disease. Quitting smoking lowers the risk considerably, depending on the years that have passed since smoking was stopped. At 10-15 years the risk is the same as that of a non-smoker.
- Obesity and overweight. There is a direct relationship between mortality risk and body mass index (BMI). When this indicator is greater than 30 kg / m2 it is important to control the weight. Monitor abdominal fat, which is dangerous for the heart, in both men and women.
- Arterial hypertension. Decreasing blood pressure figures greatly reduces the likelihood of having cardiovascular events or cerebrovascular disease. It is important to control blood pressure and eliminate salt from the diet if it is hypertensive.
- Stress must be controlled.
- Cardiovascular risk. It is necessary to know the risk that the person has, in the case of having a family history. There are analyses that determine the risk.
- It is the alteration in the levels of lipids (fats) in blood, especially cholesterol and triglycerides. There is a relationship between cholesterol values and ischemic cardiology mortality.
- Diabetes mellitus. This disease is directly associated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
There are different types of cardiovascular diseases: coronary heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmia, heart valve diseases, peripheral arteriopathy, high blood pressure (hypertension) and congenital heart disease.